Thursday,April 09,2020





Quiahuiztlan is an archaeological zone and ancient Totonac city in the state of Veracruz, Mexico. It is located at northern latitude and western longitude in the municipality of Actopan on the Cerro de los Metates near the coastal town of Villa Rica. The site is located on the Cerro de los Metates , so named because it found many small grinding stones buried, the ecosystem of the area is tropical savanna, the vegetation there cactus, shrubs and some plants with medicinal properties such as malaria, diarrhea, measles, arnica, flying bat, Palo Verde, moral, otherwise mulatto chaca stick and flower day. The Cerro de los Metates is in the so called Gaza Totonacapan that bounded on the north by the Nautla River and south by the river Actopan.


From preceramic times human groups existed in Rancho Nuevo, Hidden Rock and other places of the central coastal strip of the Gulf; is known about its development because Tehuacan similar to ceramics was located, considered one of the oldest in Mexico. In the Middle Pre classic these men experienced the influence of the Olmec culture which produced the characteristic elements of totonaca group. The Totonac territory poblana covered mountains and coastal plains. Its borders varied over time from north to south, from the river to the Papaloapan Cazones. Due to the influence of Teotihuacan; so there was a period of maximum splendor called by specialists Late Classic, it bloomed El Tajin, Las Higueras, Vega Del Cuajilote, among others, known as open cities; without any defensive character. In the Epiclasico, because of the militaristic presence from northern represented by hunter-gatherer groups, these sites were abandoned. Then its inhabitants were protected in geographically suitable locations; for example, in the deep ravines that originate on the eastern slope of the Sierra Madre, or high and inaccessible places, such as in the case of Quiahuiztl√°n.


Quiahuiztlan was a city and so indicate their archaeological remains which consist besides cemetery in squares, terraces, stairways, walls and ball game among other things. Climbing a few steps from the parking place conditioning in the Central Cemetery is reached, in this there are two primary burials and graves of thirty two tombs of secondary burials. Located north of the complex is formed by twenty three graves that do not overlook the sea but the west and south, the cemetery was built on a structure whose foundations remain dating back. Structure where a shrine was found, its location at the end of the terrace and visibility is thought to be a lookout point. It comprises two rows of tombs which total twenty four, one in the east and one in the north. Going down hundred steps leads to the Eastern Plaza.


While highlighting the cemeteries in place, so to Quiahuiztlan mentioned as a totonaca cemetery, to the west is the palace with three staircases and balustrades, towards the sea is the central square. In this highlights the Pyramid one whose facade faces south, stands out for its size and decoration. The pyramid two which faces the west has a stone embedded at the top the Mexican style, which has been named him the pyramid of sacrifices.