PROTECTION AREA FOR WILDLIFE CUATROCIENEGAS
The Department of Protection of Wildlife Cuatrociénegas is located in the central part of the state of Coahuila, eighty kilo meter west of the city of Monclova. It has an area of approximately of hectares of land and is located between the coordinates of Northern Latitude and Western Longitude. It is part of the metropolis of Cuatrociénegas, Coahuila that has a population of approximately thirteen thousand inhabitants. The protected area is located in a valley with an area of approximately one hundred and fifty thousand hectares of land, is an almost flat terrain, the entire protected area is at an altitude of seven hundred meter, it was previously in danger.
Being an oasis from the anthropological point of view, it was visited continuously since before the arrival of the Spaniards by nomadic groups. The few artifacts like arrowheads and spear they used have been found both in the valley floor and the surrounding mountains. In some cases are the remains of burials, most of them have been looted as well as rocks in diverse spots there are petro glyphs and rock paintings. After the conquest, when the Spaniards began the colonization of what is now northern Mexico, since the sixteenth century, several attempts were made to colonize the area, including the installation of livestock sites and missions. However, the occupation was very irregular due to the constant incursions of the Indians who destroyed the fledgling population. It was not until the eighteenth century when it was founded the Villa de Cuatrociénegas, currently a city and head of the municipality of the same name. However, because of its geographical position and poor roads, it became a commercial center and exchange between the northwest of the state and other major communities like Monclova, Saltillo and Torreon. It was and remains an important distribution center for cattle, minerals and products such as candelilla and guayule.
Physiographical is part of the province of the Sierra Madre Oriental and within this to the Sub province called Sierras and Coahuilenses Plains. In this Sub province dominated saws limestone of Mesozoic origin and marine sedimentary origin, which were subjected to cortical tensile and compression, and gave rise to highland uprisings abrupt compounds of limestone, alternating with intermountain valleys oriented northwest southeast, mostly steep and rather small. Protected Area Wildlife Cuatrociénegas is on the boundary between two geological provinces, the Gulf of Sabinas and Platform of Coahuila, where the Sierra de La Fragua serves as a turning point. The Valley is surrounded by high mountains, the result of folds, some of them, especially the Sierra de San Marcos y Pinos, presents a lot of fractures that are likely to be those that allow recharging springs. The rainwater flows through the La Pena until the formation Cupido, there are fractures in the clay material to allow water tends to leave.
Exploring the region by yourself without your own transportation is complicated, as the desert pathways are not forever sign boarded. Utilizing the services of a lead is wise. Though it is hypothetically probable to visit the recreational area exclusive of a car, buses to Torreon will go down you at the doorways to locations around the recreational area, but more often than not will not stop to pick and choose people.