We all have headaches. Some people have them when they are tired, some people when they do not get enough sleep, some people have headaches if they do not drink enough water during the day, etc.
Did you know that headaches are one of the main reasons people miss work and school or visit a doctor?
According to the latest statistics, provided by the National Headache Foundation of America, more than 28 million Americans suffer from migraines. And that’s a big number, do not you think? As we said, there are many different causes for migraine from a cold to premenstrual syndrome, for those who suffer it can be difficult to understand what type of headache they are experiencing and how to manage their condition.
Types of Headaches
First, you should know that the most common headaches are caused by these common reasons: vascular problems (high blood pressure, toxic overload, etc.), muscle contractions (tense muscles, stress, and others), and inflammation (infection).
1. ATM Headache
Temporal Mandibular Joint headache or TMJ headache is usually caused by problems with the jaw, mandibular joint and lower facial muscles. This may be due to tightening or clenching of teeth, jaw tension, jaw joint dislocation, and arthritis.
But, the bad thing about this headache is that the pain does not just occur in the jaw, it can also spread upwards towards the cheeks, temples and ears or down towards the neck and shoulders.
2. Sinus Headache
A sinus headache usually occurs when the sinus or nasal cavity becomes inflamed or blocked. This can cause pain behind the cheeks, nose and eyes and gets worse when you bend or when you wake up.
The most common causes are: allergic reaction, a tumor, or an infection. Depending on their cause, the symptoms may resemble those of the migraine.
3. Headache in Clusters
Have you heard the term cluster headache? Well, if not, you should definitely read this: A cluster headache is a very acute, and very painful headache that comes and goes several times a day for months followed by periods without headaches that can last up to 6 months.
Well, the pain comes unannounced and typically affects only one side of the head, often accompanied by a red eye and runny nose. The most commonly affected areas are: over the eye and near the temples. These headaches generally last less than an hour and occur at about the same time of day each day.
4. Tension Headache
Tension headache is caused by these 2 simple reasons: stress and anxiety. As the muscles tighten in your shoulders, neck and jaw, the headache tends to cause pressure and contractions that affect your temples, face and scalp.
The tension headache can last from a few minutes to a few days. The detonators can be sleep deprivation, skipped meals, stressful situations, acute emotions and alcohol consumption.
5. Headache in the Neck
This headache is also known as Cervicogenic Headache. And the headaches in the neck really do not affect your head. But although the pain occurs in your neck and shoulder blades, you may perceive it as originating in the back of your head or at the base of your skull.
So medical experts say the best way to remove that pain is to cure the root cause, be it a pinched nerve, muscle knots, muscle damage, abnormal bone growth, tumors, swelling of tissues and joint problems. Relief can be found through massages, acupuncture, physiotherapy and chiropractic treatments.
What is migraine? Well, migraines are severe sharp pains or palpitation sensations that are often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and noise. They happen at any moment for minutes or sometimes for hours.
Some people may experience visual hallucinations such as halo, intermittent dots or lights, sensory disturbances of smell, touch and taste, as well as numbness. After the symptoms pass, migraines often leave the patient tired and difficult to concentrate.
When to speak with your doctor
The National Health Institute warns that headaches may be a sign of something more serious, such as:
- If you are bleeding in the area between the brain and the thin tissue that covers it
- If you have high blood pressure
- If you suffer from a brain infection, such as meningitis, encephalitis or abscess
- Tumor in the brain
- Accumulation of fluid inside the skull that leads to inflammation of the brain (hydrocephalus).
- Accumulation of pressure within the skull that appears to be, but not a tumor
- Carbon monoxide poisoning
- Sleep apnea
- Problems with blood vessels and bleeding in the brain, such as arteriovenous malformation (AVM), aneurysm in the brain or stroke.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, seek medical attention immediately:
- If your headache comes suddenly and is explosive and violent.
- If you think this headache is “worst in your life” even if you have headaches.
- If you experience difficulty speaking, a change in vision, trouble moving your arms and legs, loss of balance, confusion, or loss of memory along with your headache.
- If your headache gets worse within the next 24 hours.
- If you have fever, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting next to headache.
- If your headache occurs from a blow or injury to the head.
- If your headache is severe and only in one eye, with redness of that eye.
- If you are just beginning to have headaches, especially if you are over 50 years old.
- Your headaches are associated with vision problems, pain when chewing, or weight loss.
- You have a history of cancer or problems with the immune system (like HIV / AIDS) and you develop a new headache.
Home Remedies :
As we said before, ibuprofen should not be the first choice. But many people rely on headache medications to withstand a strong migraine, when these drugs can in fact cause “bounce headaches,” which means that regular use of these medications can start to trigger headaches.
If you suffer from chronic headaches, here are some natural solutions that can give you relief:
- Salt of the Himalayas
- Ginger tea
- Lemonade with lavender
- Vitamin B2
It’s good to know that you can also quickly get rid of headaches, just drinking a large glass of water and resting in a dark, silent room with a fresh cloth on your head. And if you want to prevent headaches, you should have a headache diary.
Note: Make sure you write the time and day when your pain begins and ends, what you ate and drank in the last 24 hours before the symptoms, how much you slept the night before and what you were doing and thinking when the pain started.
This will help you identify your headache patterns and help you manage and predict future headaches. And if you experience more severe headaches, you should consult with your pain immediately.
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