Do you think your thyroid is not working properly? We give you a series of keys so that you can check for problems of your own. As we know, the thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland found in the neck, in front of the trachea.
This plays a key role in the body as it is in charge of producing thyroxine and triiodothyronine hormones as well as regulating body metabolism and the function of different organs. The reason for its great importance is that every cell of the body depends on the thyroid hormones for its growth and development.
That is why, among other functions that our body performs on a constant basis, they influence:
- Heart rate
- Cholesterol Levels
- Body weight
- The energy level
- Muscle strength
- Skin conditions
- Menstrual regularity
- The memory
The thyroid makes use of iodine to produce its hormones. This element is indispensable for its correct functioning, and the body obtains it from the food. Poor iodine intake can alter or worsen thyroid function.
We can get iodine through foods like:
- Dairy (yogurt, cheese, milk)
- Fruits (orange, apple, pineapple)
- Vegetables (beet, chard, onion)
Most Common Symptoms
Unfortunately, there is no specific symptom that can detect whether the thyroid is malfunctioning from the earliest stages or if the gland fails. However, the truth is that clinical laboratory tests are the most accurate check.
It is important to know that thyroid abnormalities have common symptoms that can be confused with other disorders such as:
The thyroid can increase its size and modify its structure. In such cases it is called “goiter” and is presented through a small lump in the neck.
- Unfortunately, complications of the thyroid gland tend to be asymptomatic, but can lead to difficulty swallowing, breathing, or making changes in the voice.
- On the other hand, the most known alterations of functioning are hyper and hypothyroidism, which may or may not be accompanied by an increase in the size of the gland.
Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is up to four times more frequent than hyperthyroidism and involves a decrease in the production of thyroid hormones. The generated imbalance can lead to irregular body functioning.
Some of the symptoms that present this problem are:
- Cold Intolerance
- Loss of appetite
- Weight gain (between 2 and 4 kilos, product of the retention of liquids)
- High blood pressure
- Cold, dry, rough and rough skin
- Thinner or thicker and dryer hair
- Difficulty concentrating and memory problems
- Speech and slower movements
- Irregularities in the menstrual cycle
- Muscle and joint aches
- Decay and drowsiness
In case you have hypothyroidism you must maintain a balanced and varied diet that contains foods from all groups, especially those rich in fiber and low in fat. Also, it is recommended to increase daily physical activity.
Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is another problem that the thyroid can present. Unlike hypothyroidism, in this disorder the body produces more thyroid hormones than necessary, which leads to an increase in the body’s metabolic rate.
Among the most frequent symptoms we find:
- Increased heart rate (palpitations) and blood pressure
- Nervousness and anxiety
- Increased appetite and weight loss
- Sensitivity to heat
- Fine and brittle hair
- Muscular weakness
- Vision problems
- Menstrual irregularity
- Frequent bowel movements
- Increased sweating
In case you have hyperthyroidism you must maintain a balanced diet and at the same time very energetic.
If you suspect that you may have an irregularity with this gland, go to your doctor to perform the relevant tests and refer you to the specialist for proper treatment.